Capitalism is defined as an economic system whereby the economies of a market are run by private sectors. They have control over the profits made when the business activities are carried out. The economy is free hence the private owners own and manage the resources. In some cases, the government intervenes to ensure that certain parts of the economy are protected. Since capitalists are only motivated to make profits, they set prices as they feel is best. Capitalism is characterized by competitive markets, saving capital, private properties, and a system that is meant to create prices. The investment decisions are made by property owners along with the production ability of the producers.
Since the main aim is to make profits, the distribution and price decisions are made by the level of competition for goods or services. The marketing sector has several advantages that everyone in any form of economy should know. For instance, we can avoid problems associated with government’s management of the economy. Trades controlled by governments are mostly providing poor information, lack of funds, and corruption. There are no wastages in this market because consumers are given exactly what they need leading to the producers producing what is required or demanded by the customers.
Unlike in markets run by the government, capitalistic businesses have all the funds needed to ensure that production is always efficient. Costs are reduced in all aspects whenever a chance is available to focus it on production while increasing competition power. For this reason, there are hardly any cases of businesses going bankrupt or running out of business at any season. These businesses can adapt to changing consumer needs as they need to remain active. All thanks to efficiency created in these markets, consumer needs are always served making them fully satisfied.
Finances in this market assure returns to investors, making them invest more. The order in this market ensures that businesses are always running. Another advantage of such a market is that it protects involved nations from unemployment. The trade is always growing while getting to use new forms of technology to keep it active in creating new forms of employment. Freedom found in capitalism is linked to political freedom in the nation, in most cases. Limiting people’s rights when setting up businesses always leads to negativity in the political world.
Through the marketing skills, people from different nations are encouraged to work with each other resulting in further economic and diversity. The money in these markets work to deal with trade problems, and help exercise trade beyond minor differences that might be separating them. Racism and other forms of social inequalities are not a problem in this system because all that matters to firm managers is that required goods or services are provided.
People learn to accept each other and help them no matter what their religious beliefs are. What we perceived as capitalism in the past, might not be what it is today because it has grown in various aspects. Some of its parts have grown to support governments whenever they want to make changes and democracy. For such cases, the government is allowed in some markets to provide education, healthcare and other important facilities. In all its sectors, the concept brings a rise in the living standards of the people while reducing the level of poverty. China and other countries of Asia have grown after using capitalism.
Despite having numerous advantages, capitalism faces critics which claim that it leads to exploitation of the working class which is the majority. This is done by concentrating powers on the hands of the minority. Such people are mainly concerned about making profits. The system is not concerned with the social good or the natural environment which leads to lack of equality.
Therefore, capitalism is a trade system in which firms are run by private producers who own them. They are all pushed to create profits in business, which makes any activity that does not result in this is not carried out. Several advantages are associated with this concept that has made big economies such as China adopt it. It ensures growth of many nations and diversity in all the sectors. Despite all the advantages, there are disadvantages associated with capitalism mainly about its freedom and lack of government interference. Different countries are most likely to try such systems in future.